I’m turning over the Round Pen to mystery writer, JoAnne Myers. She’s got some tips on how to write a mystery…which I need right about now, so I’ll be over here in my corner paying close attention. 🙂
Before writing a word, take some time to jot down key story points. As you’re writing, the story will want to take on a life of its own. Having a handy reference of key points will help keep your story on track and you from pulling your hair out. A list of key points is also helpful when outlining the story plot. (CR- If you’re a pantser this can also be useful.) You may very well find that the story begins to unfold as you’re writing down the key points. If this happens…let it! Write down any ideas or details that come to you, they’ll come in handy later.
Some key points to consider are;
*What is the mystery? This is the underlying theme to the entire story so be as in-depth as possible (has there been a murder or a theft or a kidnapping? If so, how and where was it committed?).
*Hunt for the culprit. Every good story has at least one antagonist, but what steps must the hero or heroine take to find him/her? How will the villain evade the hero? How is the mystery solved? In mystery writing there are a lot of twists and turns. Write down your initial thoughts for plot twists, red herrings to throw the readers off the trail of the true villain, and of course the final stages of how the good guy will prevail…or does he? You need to decide whether or not the hero or the villain wins in the end. Many hero’s die trying to solve their case. Many are involved in physical altercations with other characters. You must decide how many altercations, the number of characters involved, and what weapons if any are used. It is not a good idea to only engage your characters with fist fighting. Throw in some knives, chains, falling from windows, or my favorite, a poisoning, and other nasty assaults.
*Every great story has well rounded characters. We read fiction because we want to be entertained and develop a connection with the characters. Outlining items such as personality traits, physical features, and quirks can help bring your characters to life; a speech impediment, or limp, or a nervous twitch.
*For the Protagonist, decide the name, age, where does he/she live, does he/she have a family or pets, what is their driving goal for taking on this particular case? Is the hero a police officer, a person sworn to honesty, pride, and valor. Or is the good guy a private detective being paid to find a certain someone. Or your main character could be a parent or sibling searching for a missing loved one.
*For the Antagonist, decide the name, age, where does he/she live, is there an underlying reason for being the antagonist? Perhaps this person is a career criminal. On the other hand, maybe he/she is a good person that suffered an unjust and turned to crime out of bitterness and despair.
*Then you have your support (CR- aka secondary) characters, who are the color of the story. They provide depth to the story whether good or bad. A support character could be as simple as a loud mouth hot dog vendor standing on a street corner or as in-depth as the villain’s partner in crime. In writing a mystery story, support characters can take on a life of their own with the reader, so make them interesting. Just because they are labeled support characters does not mean they are any less important than the main characters.
*Next is the location of the story. When and where is the story set? These two key elements are what bring your story to life. Mystery story writing is a broad genre and could be set in any time period and in any place. When working with actual locations it is a good idea to do research on the location first. Readers want to feel as though they are there with the characters, so being able to accurately describe a location is vital. Time periods are no exception. If the story is set in 1940’s New Orleans, the reader will want to see their surroundings, not just be told the story is taking place in a speakeasy or church. Be descriptive!
*A mystery story is not a story without a solid, well thought out plot. Some things to consider when developing the story plot: What is the driving force of the mystery? To solve a murder, or rescue a kidnap victim? What does the villain do to thwart the hero? Does the villain get his goons on the hero? Is the hero being set up by the villain and now he is being hunted by police. What other obstacles get in the way of solving the mystery?
*One of the most important elements of writing a mystery story is suspense. Giving away too much too soon will bore the reader. It is best if the suspense is sprinkled throughout the story; bring the mystery to light within the first few chapters, then as the story progresses add a clue here and there without revealing the outcome until the final chapter. Do not be afraid to add a “red herring” or false clue, within the stories context. Readers love nothing better than to think they have everything figured out only to find in the end they were mistaken the entire time.
*The final few chapters of the story should hold the climax of the conflict and resolution between the hero and villain, including how all of the clues scattered throughout the story cumulatively solves the mystery. A good conclusion gives the reader a sense of closure in finding out how the hero solved the mystery. Remember that not all mysteries have to be completely solved or have a “happy” ending. If you are writing a series of stories, the villain may get away at the end of story #1 with the hero using clues from story #1 to track down the villain in story #2.
In mystery story writing, the possibilities are only limited by your imagination.
Great tips, JoAnne! I will be printing this for future use for sure.
PG13 Blurb for MURDER MOST FOUL
When two dismembered torsos wash up on the banks of the local river in the small industrial town of Pleasant Valley, residents are horrified. Between contradicting statements, police ineptitude, lust, lies, manipulation, incest, the motorcycle gang The Devil’s Disciples, crooked cops, and a botched crime scene, everyone becomes a suspect.
The young beautiful Jackie Reeves, a registered nurse, believes the killer is a man from her past. She contacts the dangerously handsome FBI Agent Walker Harmon. An arrest is made, but Harmon and Jackie believe an innocent man is being railroaded by local cops. Determined to find the truth, before anymore killings, Agent Harmon and Jackie are forced to run a gauntlet of deep trouble and turmoil, which marks them for death.
I hail from the famous Hocking Hills region of southeastern Ohio. I have worked in the blue-collar industry most of my life. Besides having several novels under my belt, I also canvas paint.
When not busy with hobbies or working outside the home, I spend time with relatives, my dogs Jasmine and Scooter, and volunteer my time within the community. I am a member of the International Women’s Writing Guild, the Hocking Hill’s Arts and Craftsmen Association, The Hocking County Historical Society and Museum, and the Hocking Hills Regional Welcome Center. I believe in family values and following your dreams.
I will be awarding two commenters a print copy of my poetry
collection “Poems About Life, Love, and Everything in Between.”
Other books available by JoAnne Myers:
“The Crime of the Century” a biography true crime novel
“Wicked Intentions” a paranormal/mystery anthology
“Poems About Life, Love, and Everything in Between” a poetry collection
Upcoming novels from Melange Books are:
“Love, Myths, and Monsters,” a fantasy anthology due out late March
“Flagitious,” a crime and paranormal novella collection available late 2014
Other books soon available by Black Rose Writing are:
“Twisted Love,” a true-crime anthology due May of 2014
My books along with my original canvas paintings, can be found on my website Books and Paintings by JoAnne or http://www.booksandpaintingsbyjoanne.com
Buy Links for “Murder Most Foul,” a crime/mystery story
available here: http://www.melange-books.com/authors/joannemyers/MMF.html
Here is the link to buy it directly from LULU:
JoAnne’s books are also available on Amazon and Barnes & Noble
Thank you for visiting the Ranch, JoAnne, with great writing advice.
Until next time,
Enjoyed the post. I always like visiting you at the ranch, Calisa. 🙂
Thanks for stopping in Alicia. 🙂
Thank you for your comment. It is appreciated.
Excellent post! I took notes because I need to develop a kind-of mystery in the Regency I’m working on. Thanks!!
I’m printing it out for a new book I’m going to write, Barbara. Glad it was helpful.
If my post helped you I am glad. Thank you for dropping by.
Great post, JoAnne. I’ve made some notes because I started writing my first cozy mystery a few months ago. Hoping to make it into a series… thanks for sharing!
You and me both, sans the series, since mine will already be part of a publisher series, Gemma. 😀
Your are welcome Gemma. Good luck on your writing. Thank you for commenting.
Good post. A keeper!
Aw thanks, Jess!
I am glad you enjoyed my post. Good luck with all you do.
thank you Calisa for having my on your blog. this is great fun.
Great post and info – thanks JoAnne! I’d love to write a straight mystery novel one day, but it’s quite a daunting task to plan it all out. I struggle with mystery sub-plots as it is, lol!
Hi Calisa, hope you’re writing is going well 😀
I’m trying to plan a mystery so this timing is perfect. 🙂 My writing is hit amd miss lately with fam stuff to deal with. Thanks for asking!
Keep trying Kelly. Dont stop writing if you enjoy it. thank you for commenting.
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